Phonics and Spelling
At Dundale we adopt the Letters and Sounds Scheme-
It is important for children to learn letter-sound relationships because English uses letters in the alphabet to represent sounds. Phonics teaches this information to help children learn how to read. Children learn the sounds that each letter makes, and how a change in the order of letters changes a word's meaning.
Daily phonics sessions phases 1-6 letters and sounds (see policy for overview)
R-phase 2 (up to 6 weeks), 3(up to 12 weeks) and 4 (start by March 4-6 weeks)
Y2-In line with NC-Review phase 4,5-Phonics and spelling focus
Staff adhere to phonics/phonemic approaches to support children in their classes who are not yet decoding fluently enough to access age related materials.
E.g. blend/segment syllables for reading and spelling. Use of grapheme mats and tracking back using HfL Spelling Trackback to set targets for mats.
Additional guided reading sessions are needed to secure understanding and use of phonics for those who are not yet decoding fluently.
Y3-10 minutes application of phonics for reading and spelling.
Y4-10 minutes application of phonics for reading and spelling and strategies for active reading.
Yr 5- Additional guided reading sessions are needed to secure understanding and use of phonics.
Yr 6- Additional guided reading sessions are needed to secure understanding and use of phonics.
Spelling in Reception and KS1 is linked to the letter sounds being taught through the daily phonic sessions. This includes discrete teaching of segmenting words for spelling. There are weekly spelling assessments linked to home learning in KS1.
In KS2 Spelling is taught through different means including a continuation of the phonic ‘Letters and Sounds’ scheme for some children. Also, the Herts for Learning resource ‘Essential Spelling’ for Years 3 – 6 is used to focus more on the teaching of spelling so that children understand how to apply patterns, strategies and knowledge to other words and not just a list of words given for that week. It also provides links to prior knowledge and tracks back to related objectives so that teachers can give targeted support to children who are not yet able to spell words from their year group programme of study. As with KS1, there are weekly spelling assessments linked to home learning in KS2.